Thursday, January 22, 2015

Tabata Fitness

Tabata training is a specific protocol within the broader classification of High-intensity interval training (HIIT). Tabata is sprint training where short bursts of activity (20 seconds) are broken up by even shorter rest periods (10 seconds) and repeated over a pre-set number of repetitions (8). The promise of this style of training is greater physical benefit in a shorter period of time. Compare the body type of elite sprinters with elite distance runners and you'll see for yourself the metabolic effect of training in these different way. You can apply the Tabata protocol to almost any exercise but my favorite is running sprints Tabata-style.
4 minutes of pain for a lifetime of benefit

The two ways I do Tabata sprints are on the treadmill and outside. Warm up with some callisthenics and light jogging for about 10 minutes so that you get your legs ready for full-out exertion.

On the treadmill, I set the incline to 12% and the speed to be around my 5k race pace. For a 25 minute 5k, the speed should be 8 mins per mile or 7.5mph (5 mins per kilometer or 12kph). Hop on the treadmill for 20 secs then off for 10 secs holding the side hand rails and straddling the moving belt. I like to wait for the treadmill timer to hit a minute mark before beginning so I don't have to do much math in my head. Leave the belt running between sets. Repeat 8 times.

Outside, I like to use music that has Tabata time built into it. Google Tabata Songs and you'll find a ton of options. The music tells you when to work and when to rest. I sprint at max effort and then walk during the breaks.
Sprinting builds muscle unlike slower jogging

Running outside is more realistic and enjoyable but I think the steady pacing of the treadmill is advantageous too. Mix both into your weekly workout schedule and be prepared for extreme exhaustion in a short period of time either way.

There are claims that Tabata running alone can prepare your for longer distance running but sport or race specific training is always necessary for a particular sport or race. I put Tabata in the General Physical Preparedness (GPP) category not as a replacement for work towards specific goal accomplishment.

- Intensity is key to achieving a metabolic benefit for your body

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